Tag: letter

letter u coloring pages

In English, the letter ⟨u⟩ has four main pronunciations. There are “long” and “short” pronunciations. Short ⟨u⟩, found originally in closed syllables, most commonly represents /ʌ/ (as in ‘duck’), though it retains its old pronunciation /ʊ/ after labial consonants in some words (as in ‘put’) and occasionally elsewhere (as in ‘sugar’). Long ⟨u⟩, found originally in words of French origin (the descendant of Old English long u was respelled as ⟨ou⟩), most commonly represents /juː/ (as in ‘mule’), reducing to /uː/ after ⟨r⟩ (as in ‘rule’), ⟨j⟩ (as in ‘June’) and sometimes (or optionally) after ⟨l⟩ (as in ‘lute’), and after additional consonants in American English (see do–dew merger). (After ⟨s⟩, /sjuː, zjuː/ have assimilated to /ʃuː, ʒuː/. ) In a few words, short ⟨u⟩ represents other sounds, such as /ɪ/ in ‘business’ and /ɛ/ in ‘bury’.

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letter w coloring pages preschool

letter w coloring pages preschool letter w alphabet coloring pages 3 free printable

In Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, ⟨w⟩ is named double-v and not double-u. In these languages, the letter only exists in old names, loanwords and foreign words. (Foreign words are distinguished from loanwords by having a significantly lower level of integration in the language. ) It is usually pronounced /v/, but in some words of English origin it may be pronounced /w/. The letter was officially introduced in the Danish and Swedish alphabets as late as 1980 and 2006, respectively, despite having been in use for much longer. It had been recognized since the conception of modern Norwegian, with the earliest official orthography rules of 1907. ⟨W⟩ was earlier seen as a variant of ⟨v⟩, and ⟨w⟩ as a letter (double-v) is still commonly replaced by ⟨v⟩ in speech (e. g. WC being pronounced as VC, www as VVV, WHO as VHO, etc. ) The two letters were sorted as equals before ⟨w⟩ was officially recognized, and that practice is still recommended when sorting names in Sweden. In modern slang, some native speakers may pronounce ⟨w⟩ more closely to the origin of the loanword than the official /v/ pronunciation.

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letter h coloring page

While Etruscan and Latin had /h/ as a phoneme, almost all Romance languages lost the sound—Romanian later re-borrowed the /h/ phoneme from its neighbouring Slavic languages, and Spanish developed a secondary /h/ from /f/, before losing it again; various Spanish dialects have developed [h] as an allophone of /s/ or /x/ in most Spanish-speaking countries, and various dialects of Portuguese use it as an allophone of /ʀ/. ‘H’ is also used in many spelling systems in digraphs and trigraphs, such as ‘ch’, which represents /tʃ/ in Spanish, Galician, Old Portuguese and English, /ʃ/ in French and modern Portuguese, /k/ in Italian, French and English, /x/ in German, Czech, Polish, Slovak, one native word of English and a few loanwords into English, and /ç/ in German.

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letter j coloring sheet

letter j coloring sheet letter j coloring pages to download and print for free

The letter J was used as the swash letter I, used for the letter I at the end of Roman numerals when following another I, as in XXIIJ or xxiij instead of XXIII or xxiii for the Roman numeral representing 23. A distinctive usage emerged in Middle High German. Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478–1550) was the first to explicitly distinguish I and J as representing separate sounds, in his Ɛpistola del Trissino de le lettere nuωvamente aggiunte ne la lingua italiana (“Trissino’s epistle about the letters recently added in the Italian language”) of 1524. Originally, ‘I’ and ‘J’ were different shapes for the same letter, both equally representing /i/, /iː/, and /j/; but, Romance languages developed new sounds (from former /j/ and /ɡ/) that came to be represented as ‘I’ and ‘J’; therefore, English J, acquired from the French J, has a sound value quite different from /j/ (which represents the initial sound in the English language word “yet”).

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letter g coloring pages

The modern lowercase ‘g’ has two typographic variants: the single-storey (sometimes opentail) ‘g’ and the double-storey (sometimes looptail) ‘g’. The single-storey form derives from the majuscule (uppercase) form by raising the serif that distinguishes it from ‘c’ to the top of the loop, thus closing the loop, and extending the vertical stroke downward and to the left. The double-storey form (g) had developed similarly, except that some ornate forms then extended the tail back to the right, and to the left again, forming a closed bowl or loop. The initial extension to the left was absorbed into the upper closed bowl. The double-storey version became popular when printing switched to “Roman type” because the tail was effectively shorter, making it possible to put more lines on a page. In the double-storey version, a small top stroke in the upper-right, often terminating in an orb shape, is called an “ear”.

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letter e coloring page

letter e coloring page letter e coloring pages to download and print for free

‘E’ is the most common (or highest-frequency) letter in the English alphabet (starting off the typographer’s phrase ETAOIN SHRDLU) and several other European languages, which has implications in both cryptography and data compression. In the story “The Gold-Bug” by Edgar Allan Poe, a character figures out a random character code by remembering that the most used letter in English is E. This makes it a hard and popular letter to use when writing lipograms. Ernest Vincent Wright’s Gadsby (1939) is considered a “dreadful” novel, and supposedly “at least part of Wright’s narrative issues were caused by language limitations imposed by the lack of E. ” Both Georges Perec’s novel A Void (La Disparition) (1969) and its English translation by Gilbert Adair omit ‘e’ and are considered better works.

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letter c coloring pages

letter c coloring pages letter c coloring pages to download and print for free

In the Etruscan language, plosive consonants had no contrastive voicing, so the Greek ‘Γ’ (Gamma) was adopted into the Etruscan alphabet to represent /k/. Already in the Western Greek alphabet, Gamma first took a ” form in Early Etruscan, then ” in Classical Etruscan. In Latin it eventually took the ‘. mw-parser-output span. smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}. mw-parser-output span. smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}c’ form in Classical Latin. In the earliest Latin inscriptions, the letters ‘c k q’ were used to represent the sounds /k/ and /ɡ/ (which were not differentiated in writing). Of these, ‘q’ was used to represent /k/ or /ɡ/ before a rounded vowel, ‘k’ before ‘a’, and ‘c’ elsewhere. During the 3rd century BC, a modified character was introduced for /ɡ/, and ‘c’ itself was retained for /k/. The use of ‘c’ (and its variant ‘g’) replaced most usages of ‘k’ and ‘q’. Hence, in the classical period and after, ‘g’ was treated as the equivalent of Greek gamma, and ‘c’ as the equivalent of kappa; this shows in the romanization of Greek words, as in ‘ΚΑΔΜΟΣ’, ‘ΚΥΡΟΣ’, and ‘ΦΩΚΙΣ’ came into Latin as ‘cadmvs’, ‘cyrvs’ and ‘phocis’, respectively.

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letter c coloring pages printable

letter c coloring pages printable letter c coloring pages to download and print for free

In the Etruscan language, plosive consonants had no contrastive voicing, so the Greek ‘Γ’ (Gamma) was adopted into the Etruscan alphabet to represent /k/. Already in the Western Greek alphabet, Gamma first took a ” form in Early Etruscan, then ” in Classical Etruscan. In Latin it eventually took the ‘. mw-parser-output span. smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}. mw-parser-output span. smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}c’ form in Classical Latin. In the earliest Latin inscriptions, the letters ‘c k q’ were used to represent the sounds /k/ and /ɡ/ (which were not differentiated in writing). Of these, ‘q’ was used to represent /k/ or /ɡ/ before a rounded vowel, ‘k’ before ‘a’, and ‘c’ elsewhere. During the 3rd century BC, a modified character was introduced for /ɡ/, and ‘c’ itself was retained for /k/. The use of ‘c’ (and its variant ‘g’) replaced most usages of ‘k’ and ‘q’. Hence, in the classical period and after, ‘g’ was treated as the equivalent of Greek gamma, and ‘c’ as the equivalent of kappa; this shows in the romanization of Greek words, as in ‘ΚΑΔΜΟΣ’, ‘ΚΥΡΟΣ’, and ‘ΦΩΚΙΣ’ came into Latin as ‘cadmvs’, ‘cyrvs’ and ‘phocis’, respectively.

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